How did Israel get away with open idolatry all the while pretending to worship one God? There was no freedom of religion: Babylon and Nineveh fared better on that score. How do we get from worshipping one God to having idols?
“Do not worship idols. Do not make statues of gods for yourselves. I am the LORD your God.Leviticus 19:4
Could the Israelites not have arrested, charged and tried every idolater. The sentence: death. If the law is primary the churches should be executing people. If not for idolatry for the very obvious profanation of the Sabbath.
We can be sure that no church will start executing people openly. The church will do what Judea did: get the civil power to silence perceived threats. The Romans were ready. The obsession with the ten commandments is a quick and easy doorway to tyranny. They never led to justice, mercy and faithfulness.
And I will destroy your high places, and cut down your images, and cast your carcases upon the carcases of your idols, and my soul shall abhor you.Leviticus 26:30
In New Testament times the world was still in the grasp of Satanic idolatry. The Jews were not an exception. They led the assault on worshipping the one true God.